Carnival in German!
Germany, of course, not Brazil, but there is a Carnival. In different parts of Germany it is nazvanie Karneval, Fasching or Fastnacht.
Faxing not a public holiday, but don’t underestimate its value. It is no wonder that it is even called “the fifth season”!
This is the time when you gloves, dressing up in costumes, it is not forbidden to have a good drink and just have some fun.
Carnival – it is an opportunity “to select” before the beginning of the Christian Easter Lent, which begins at “ash Wednesday” ( Aschermittwoch – 18 February) and ends on Holy Friday ( Karfreitag — April 3).
The word ” Carnival ” comes from the Latin ” carne levare ” and means “good-bye, meat,” indeed, in the period of lent to eat meat eating is prohibited, and before him – can. The word Fastnacht Fasching and means “the eve of lent.”
However, it is believed that originally the custom of celebrating carnivals – pagan tradition, whose main value was the farewell to winter and welcoming of spring (German Fishing – is analogous to our carnival). The Church is not particularly liked “the feast of fools”, but to get rid of it was impossible – too much he was loved. Over time, the Carnival is well absorbed and Christian explanation (the time before lent).
By the way, carnival procession with the chosen king were already in the XIII century, which have been documented in writing.
The start time of carnivals in German-speaking countries traditionally (XII century), is the Day the three wise men – Dreikönigstag 6 January. That Fishing starts on 11.11 at 11 hours and 11 minutes – this innovation of the nineteenth century, although the number 11 has long been considered “a number of fools”. In this day of fools (fools) “Wake up” and begin their preparations for the Carnival.
Its culmination Carnival reaches a week before the beginning of Lent. Here is how this week:
Thursday is called ” bold “, or ” dirty “, or ” Indian ” ( Weiberfastnacht, February 12). As you can see from last names – it is solely a women’s holiday. In some regions, in this day there are meetings at which entry is restricted to those men that dressed in women’s clothes. On this day, careful men it is better not to look in the restaurants – they run the risk to get out of there at best without a tie. To cut a tie from a stranger – a favorite prank cleared up women. As compensation, the man needs a kiss. Although the hunt for ties and is in many offices.
The “Babi Thursday” should ” black ” Friday ( russiger Freitag ). Traditionally on this day “fools” tried to smear people’s faces with soot. Men are given a chance to avenge incurred in the “Babi Thursday” damage: armed with lipstick or colored hairspray, they can implement their idea of female beauty though on each other.
This is followed by the ” spicy Saturday ” Nelkensamstag ) and the ” Tulip Sunday ” ( Tulpensonntag ).
And now comes the main day of the Carnival: Rosenmontag (16 February ). This name is often translated as “pink Monday”, but actually this has nothing to do with the rose or pink color. Most likely, this name comes from ” rasen ” have fun, be happy). Therefore it is more correct to call this day “fun”.
The main event of the festival is the carnival procession. Vehicular traffic block off some streets, and the streets coming and going of the crowd clowns: clowns, princesses, kings, barons, all accompanied by musicians from various orchestras. All singing, shouting greetings, thrown into a crowd of spectators confetti, candy, handing out cups of beer and wine. The procession ends somewhere in a large area of the city of greetings to participants and a concert. By the way, to dance on one of the scenes during Fashing, dancers need to withstand some serious competition.
The most famous carnivals of Germany held in Cologne, Munich and Dusseldorf.
Merry Monday is replaced by the ” Tuesday on the eve of fasting ” ( Faschingsdienstag ). On this day, dressed in costumes children, and in the morning, they just come dressed to school or kindergarten. In stores and bakeries are sold “Berliner” – doughnuts, among which may meet the “happy”: with mustard or coin, as anyone lucky.
In some southern areas of the main carnival processions take place in Faschingsdienstag . Processions are accompanied by specific sounds which vary a lot in different regions of Germany, but the most popular cry: Narri-Narro ( Narr – fool, fool). During the processions are often used images of devils and demons, fools and madmen in different variations, witches and fairy tale characters. And at the head of the procession come the so-called Butz ( Butz ), a kind of carnival janitor. It frees the way for the other participants. At 19 o’clock, however, Butz falls dead, and that means the end of the carnival. In the evening held a symbolic “the funeral” carnival, and funeral. In addition, burned an effigy, which originally symbolized the plague – apparently, once the end of the carnival coincided with the deliverance from the plague.
Ends the Carnival in the ” ash Wednesday ” ( Aschermittwoch —February 18). On the same day begins and pre-Easter lent. Sprinkling ashes on their heads (hence the “ash Wednesday) is mentioned in the old Testament and is a symbol of repentance and humility required of Christians during lent. But still have a few days, so: